May 29, 2024

Rwanda :Umwana na nyina bagizweho ingaruka zo kubyarwa bose bitateguwe

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Umwangavu n’umwana we bavutse batwite badashaka

Mu isi umubyeyi wabyaye, afite inshingano zitandukanye zo kurera abo yabyaye  ,Harimo kubarera  kubagaburira ndestse no kubaha ibikoresho byose bakenera mu buzima bwabo, Umubyeyi nyamubyeyi ababazwa cyane no kubona atuzuza inshingano ze.

Bamwe mu babyeyi babazwa n’imwe mu myitwarire ijya iranga  bamwe na bamwe muri bagenzi babo! abandi  babyaye batateguwe babazwa nabo abo babyara batateguwe rimwe na rimwe, bishobora gutera ubwoba cyane cyane ko ntakintu nk “umubyeyi w’inararibonye”.Ndetse bigorana bidasanzwe kandi birababaza mugihe umwana wawe ahuye n’ibibazo! kimwe nicyo wahuye nacyo bira babaza. Mubisanzwe, ugacika intege ugakomeza, Mu bihe nk’ibi, ushobora kwerekana ko wicira urubanza! cyangwa inshingano z’imyitwarire mibi y’umwana wawe akenshi wiyitirira kuba muto mubyo ushinzwe kurera abana no kurera neza abawe , Buri mwana “yaba ari mubi mu mwitwarire cyangwa mu bundi burcyo  bungana, ariko ntanumwe uhuye n’umutima watewe no gutwita kwingimbi .

Mubisanzwe, gutwita kwingimbi bishobora kuviramo gusebanya no gucirwa urubanza nabandi, mubisanzwe bigira ingaruka kubabyeyi muburyo bukomeye cyane. Bashobora guhura no kunengwa, kugenzurwa, cyangwa ivangura bivuye mu mibereho yabo cyangwa mu baturage, ibyo bikaba bishobora kwiyongera ku marangamutima basanzwe bafite.

Ngiyo ububabare Charles Kayumba w’imyaka 52 yihanganiye mu myaka 2 ishize ubwo umukobwa we w’umwangavu yatwite akava mu ishuri afite imyaka 16, Yibukije n’ijwi rirenga mu ijwi rye ati: “Nyuma y’ibyo byose nakoreye abana banjye, ikintu cya nyuma nari niteze ni ukubona umukobwa wanjye muto atwite kandi akava mu ishuri imburagihe.” Kuri ubu Kayumba ubana n’umukobwa we w’umwangavu (ubu ni nyina ukiri muto) na barumuna be batatu bo mu Murenge wa Ntarama, mu karere ka Bugesera biragaragara ko ari umugabo wacitse intege.Yambaye ikabutura y’umukara hamwe nishati yumukara muremure w’amaboko, akora kumurima we w’igitoki, Kayumba rimwe na rimwe ararira  mugihe avuga inkuru ye. Umutima wumukobwa we utunguranye kuba umubyeyi ukiri muto byamugizeho ingaruka. Ibikorwa byuyu mukobwa ukiri muto byansize kumeneka no kuvunika ariko mpisemo kwegera ibintu nkababarana, nkumva, kandi nkamukunda bidasubirwaho. Ngiyo amahitamo yonyine mfite ”.Yibuka guhangana no guhangayika no guhangayikishwa n’imihangayiko avuga ko yamusize mu bwigunge kandi akababara cyane atekereza gusa ko ashobora kuba yarakoze byinshi kugira ngo akumire ibi.Inda z’ingimbi zirashobora kugira ingaruka zikomeye kubana n’ababyeyi, haba mumarangamutima ndetse no kumubiri. Kandi Kayumba ntabwo ari wenyine.Gutwita kwingimbi ni ikibazo kitoroshye kireba imiryango, inzobere mu buzima, abarezi, abayobozi ba leta n’urubyiruko ubwabo.Raporo y’ubushakashatsi bw’ubuzima n’ubuzima mu Rwanda iheruka gusohoka muri Nzeri 2021 yerekana ko gatanu ku ijana by’abagore bangavu bafite hagati y’imyaka 15 na 19 basanzwe ari ba nyina cyangwa batwite umwana wabo wa mbere.Ibi biratandukanye bitewe n’intara, kuva 4% by’abagore b’ingimbi haba mu Ntara y’Iburengerazuba n’Umujyi wa Kigali kugeza kuri 6% mu Ntara y’Iburasirazuba n’Amajyepfo.Igitangaje, abakobwa b’ingimbi bafite amashuri yisumbuye ntibakunze gutangira kubyara kurusha abakobwa bakiri bato bafite amashuri abanza.Muri Afurika y’Iburasirazuba no Hagati, impuzandengo rusange yo gutwita kw’ingimbi ni 55%. U Rwanda ruhagaze hasi na 36% naho Zimbabwe iri hejuru na 65%. Iyi mibare yerekana ko gutwita kwingimbi bikiri ubuzima rusange bwabaturage mukarere ndetse no kwisi yose.Iterambere mu ikoranabuhanga cyane cyane itumanaho rya digitale ryahinduye uburyo ingimbi zikorana na bagenzi babo kandi ibi byagaragaye cyane nkimwe mubintu byingenzi bigira uruhare runini mu gukwirakwiza iyi nzira mbi.Abakobwa b’ingimbi barushijeho kwibasirwa nibi bibazo kuko ubwonko bwabo buracyatera imbere kandi imibiri yabo irahinduka vuba. Rero, hakenewe imbaraga rusange kugirango duhagarike ibibi.Gahunda y’ubuzima bw’imyororokere n’imyororokere y’ingimbi n’imyororokere (2018-2024) muri Minisiteri y’ubuzima irashaka ko abagore bose, abagabo b’abakobwa n’ingimbi n’abahungu mu Rwanda bagera ku isi hose amakuru meza na serivisi mu buryo bunoze, bunoze kandi burambye. buryo.Ibindi bikorwa nka Isange One Stop Centre (muri Minisiteri y’uburinganire n’iterambere ry’umuryango, MIGEPROF) byashyizweho mu rwego rwo gukemura ibibazo by’ihohoterwa rishingiye ku gitsina ahanini bivamo gutwita kwingimbi. Kugeza ubu mu gihugu hose hari ibigo 50. Aline Umutoni, umuyobozi ushinzwe guteza imbere umuryango no kurengera uburenganzira bw’abana muri MIGEPROF avuga ko umubare w’inda z’abangavu zisa nk’uko wiyongereye uko igihe kigenda gihita kuko hari imyumvire ikabije kuri bayobozi batashaka kutanga umubare w’ inda zingimbi . Ku ikubitiro abakobwa bakiri bato batwite ntibashakaga gutanga raporo ariko ubu bamenye ko ingamba zo gusubiza mu buzima busanzwe zihari kandi ko ari icyaha gihanwa n’abagabo babatera inda ”.Aragira inama ababyeyi kumenya byinshi kubyerekeye gutwita kwingimbi, ibitera, ingaruka, nuburyo buhari.Ku bwe, ubu ababyeyi bashobora gufasha kumva neza uko ibintu bimeze no gufata ibyemezo neza. Kandi nkuko isi uyumunsi yibuka umunsi wumwana wumukobwa, reka twese twibuke kudafata inda zingimbi nka ” ndi bitureba ” yo kurera ahubwo ni inshingano ya twese.  

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